Remarks by Rep. Newt Gingrich after his election as speaker of
Let me say first of all that I am very deeply grateful to my
good friend Dick Gephardt. When my side maybe overreacted to your
statement ending 40 years of Democratic rule, I couldn't help but
look over at Bob Michel, who has often been up here and who knows
that everything Dick said was true, that this is difficult and
painful to lose -- and on my side of the aisle we have for 20
elections been on the losing side.
And yet there is something so wonderful about the process by
which a free people decides things. In my case, I lost two
elections, and with the good help of my friend Vic Fazio came
close to losing two others. And I'm sorry, guys, it just didn't
quite work out. And yet I can tell you that every time when the
polls closed and I waited for the votes to come in, I felt good
because, win or lose, we've been part of this process.
In a little while I'm going to ask the dean of the House, John
Dingell, to swear me in, to insist on the bipartisan nature of
the way in which we together work in this House. John's father
was one of the great stalwarts of the New Deal, a man who as an
FDR Democrat created modern America, and I think that John and
his father represent a tradition that we all have to recognize
and respect and recognize that the America we are now going to
try to lead grew from that tradition and is part of that great
I also want to take just a moment to thank Speaker Foley, who
was extraordinarily generous, both in his public utterances and
in everything that he and Mrs. Foley did to help Marianne and me
and to help our staff make the transition. I think that he worked
very hard to reestablish the dignity of the House. And I think
that we can all be proud of the reputation that he takes and of
the spirit with which he led the speakership. And our best wishes
go to Speaker and Mrs. Foley.
I also want to thank the various House officers who have been
just extraordinary. And I want to say for the public record that,
faced with a result none of them wanted in a situation I suspect
none of them expected, that within 48 hours, every officer of
this House reacted as a patriot, worked overtime, bent over
backwards and in every way helped us, and I am very grateful.
And this House, I think, owes a debt of gratitude to every
officer that the Democrats elected two years ago.
This is a historic moment. I was asked over and over, how did
it feel, and the only word that comes close to adequate is
overwhelming. I feel overwhelmed in every way -- overwhelmed by
all the Georgians who came up, overwhelmed by my extended family
that is here, overwhelmed by the historic moment.
I walked out and stood in the balcony just outside the
speaker's office, looking down the mall this morning very early,
and I was just overwhelmed by the view which two men I've
introduced know very, very well ... just the sense of being part
of America and being part of this great tradition.
I have two gavels, actually. Dick happened to use one that --
maybe this was appropriate. This is a Georgia gavel I just got
this morning, done by Dorsey Newman of Tallapoosa, who decided
that the gavels he saw on TV weren't big enough or strong enough.
So, he cut down a walnut tree in his back yard and made a gavel, put
"commemorative item" and sent it up here. So, this is a genuine
I'm the first Georgia speaker in over 100 years. The last one,
by the way, had a weird accent, too. Speaker Crisp was born in
Britain. His parents were actors and they came to the U.S. A good
word, by the way, for the value we get from immigration.
And secondly, this is the gavel that Speaker Martin used. Now,
that shows what it says about the inflation of government if you
put them side by side. But this was the gavel used by the last
And I want to comment for a minute on two men who served as my
leaders, and from whom I learned so much and who are here today.
When I arrived as freshman, the Republican Party, deeply
dispirited by Watergate and by the loss of the presidency, banded
together and worked with a leader who helped pave the way for our
great party victory of 1980, and a man who just did a marvelous
job, and I can't speak too highly of what I learned about
integrity and leadership and courage from serving with him in my
freshman term, and he's here with us again today. I hope all of
you will recognize Congressman John Rhodes of Arizona.
Let me say also that at our request -- he wasn't sure he
should be here at all, and then he thought he was going to hide
in the back of the room, and then I insisted he come down front -
- somebody who ... I think virtually every Democrat in the House
will say is a man who genuinely cares about and loves the House
and who represents the best spirit of the House, a man who I've
studied under and who I hope as speaker I can always rely on for
advice, and who I hope, frankly, I can emulate in his commitment
to this institution and in his willingness to try to reach beyond
his personal interest and his personal partisanship.
I hope all of you will join me in thanking for his years of
service Congressman Bob Michel of Illinois.
I'm very fortunate today. I have -- my mom and my dad are
here. They are right up there, Bob and Kit Gingrich, and I'm so
delighted that they are both able to be here. You know, sometimes
when you get to my age you can't have everyone near you you'd
like to, and I can't say how much I learned from my dad and his
years of serving in the U.S. Army, and how much I've learned from
my mother, who is clearly my most enthusiastic cheerleader.
My daughters are here -- up there -- Kathy Lubbers and her
husband, Paul, and Jackie and her husband, Mark Zyla, and the
person who clearly is my closest friend and my best adviser, and
who if I listened to her about 20 percent more, I'd get in less
trouble, my wife, Marianne, who is right up there.
I've a very large extended family between Marianne and me, and
they are virtually all in town, and we've done our part for the
Washington tourist season, but I couldn't help as I -- when I
first came on the floor earlier, I went around and saw a number
of the young people who are here, a number of the children who
are on the floor, and the young adults who are close to 12 years
of age -- and I couldn't help but think, sitting on the back rail
near the center of the House are my -- one of my nephews, Kevin
McPherson, who is five and Susan Brown, who is six, and Emily
Brown, who is eight, and Lauren McPherson, who is nine, and
they're all back there -- I think probably more than I'm allowed
to bring on, but they are my nieces and my nephew.
I have two other nephews who are a little older who are
actually up in the gallery. I couldn't help but think, as the way
I wanted to start the speakership and to talk with every member,
that in a sense these young people you see around you are really
what at its best this is all about, much more than the negative
advertising and the interest groups and all the different things
that make politics all too often cynical and nasty and sometimes,
frankly, just plain miserable.
What makes politics worthwhile is that the choice, as Dick
Gephardt said, between what we see so tragically on the evening
news and the way we try to do it is to work very hard to make
this system of free representative self-government work. And the
ultimate reason for doing that is these children and the country
they will inherit and the world they will live in.
We're starting the 104th Congress. I don't know if you ever
thought about just the concept. For 208 years we gathered
together the most diverse country in the history of the world.
We sent all sorts of people. Each of us could find at least
one member we thought was weird, and I'll tell you, if you went
around the room, the person we chose to be weird would be
different for virtually every one of us because we do allow and
insist upon the right of a free people to send an extraordinary
diversity of people here.
Brian Lamb of C-Span read to me Friday a phrase from de
Tocqueville that was so central to the House. I've been reading
Remeny's biography of Henry Clay, and Henry Clay always preferred
the House. He was the first strong speaker. And he preferred the
House to the Senate, although he served them both. And he said
the House was more vital, more active, more dynamic, more common.
And this is what de Tocqueville wrote: "Often there is not a
distinguished man in the whole number. Its members are almost all
obscure individuals whose names bring no associations to mind.
They are mostly village lawyers, men in trade, or even persons
belonging to the lower classes of society." Now -- if you put
women in with men -- I don't know that we've changed much.
But the word "vulgar" in de Tocqueville's time had a very
particular meaning, and it's a meaning the world would do well to
study in this room. You see, de Tocqueville was an aristocrat. He
lived in a world of kings and princes. And the folks who come
here come here by the one single act that their citizens freely
chose them. And I don't care what your ethnic background, what
your ideology, I don't care whether you're younger or older, I
don't care whether you were born in America or you're a
naturalized citizen; every one of the 435 people have equal
standing because their citizens freely sent them, and their voice
should be heard, and they should have a right to participate.
And it is the most marvelous act of a complex, giant country
trying to argue and talk, and as Dick said, to have a great
debate, to reach great decisions -- not through a civil war, not
by bombing one of our regional capitals, not by killing a half-
million people, not by having snipers. And let me say
unequivocally, I condemn all acts of violence against the law by
all people for all reasons. This is a society of law and a
society of civil behavior.
And so here we are as commoners together, to some extent
Democrats and Republicans, to some extent liberals and
conservatives -- but Americans all. Steve Gunderson today gave me
a copy of the Portable Abraham Lincoln and suggested there's much
for me to learn about our party. But I would also say, as I have
since the election, it doesn't hurt to have a copy of the
Portable FDR. This is a great country of great people.
If there's any one factor or act of my life that strikes as I
stand up here as the first Republican in 40 years to do so, when
I first became whip in 1989, Russia was beginning to change, the
Soviet Union as it was then, and into my whip's office one day
came eight Russians and a Lithuanian, members of the Communist
Party, newspaper editors. And they asked me, What does a whip do?
They said, You know, in Russia we've never had a free parliament
since 1917 and that was only for a few months. So what do you do?
And I tried to explain, as Dave Bonior or Tom DeLay might now,
and it's a little strange if you're from a dictatorship, to
explain you're called the whip but you don't really have a whip,
you're elected by the people you're supposed to pressure, if you
pressure them too much they won't reelect you, if you don't
pressure them enough they won't re-elect you. You've got to
somehow find this --it's a -- democracy's hard, it's frustrating.
And so we came in the chamber, and the Lithuanian was a man in
his late `60s and I allowed him to come up here and sit and be
speaker. That's something many of us have done with constituents.
Remember, this is the very beginning of Perestroika and Glasnost.
He came out of the chair, he was physically trembling, he was
almost in tears. And he said, "You know, ever since World War II
I've remembered what the Americans did and I've never believed
the propaganda, but," he said, "I have to tell you, I did not
think in my life that I would be able to sit at the center of
freedom." Now, it was one of the most overwhelming,
compelling moments of my life. And what struck me, and it's
something I couldn't help but think of when we were here with
President Mandela and I went over and saw Ron Dellums and thought
of the great work Ron had done to extend freedom across the
planet, and that sense of emotion when you see something so
totally different than you'd expected.
And here was a man, he reminded me first of all that while
presidents are important they are in effect an elected kingship;
that this and the other body across the way are where freedom has
to be fought out. And that's the tradition I hope that we'll take
with us as we go to work.
Today we had a bipartisan prayer service. Frank Wolf made some
very important points. He said we have to recognize that many of
our most painful problems as a country are moral problems,
problems of dealing with ourselves and with life. He said
character is the key to leadership, and we have to deal with
He preached a little bit -- I don't think he thought it was
preaching but it was -- about a spirit of reconciliation. And he
talked about caring about our spouses and our children and our
families, because if we're not prepared to model that, beyond
just having them here for one day -- if we're not prepared to
care about our children and we're not prepared to care about our
families, then by what arrogance do we think we will transcend
our behavior to care about others?
And that's why, with Congressman Gephardt's help, we've
established a bipartisan task force on the family. We've
established the principle that we're going to set schedules we
stick to so families can count on times to be together, built
around the school schedules, so that families can get to know
each other -- and not just on C-Span.
I will also say that means one of the strongest
recommendations of the bipartisan family committee -- I don't
want this to be seen as Gingrich acting as a speaker on his own
here -- is that we have 17 minutes to vote. They pointed out that
if you take the time we spent in the last Congress where we had
one more and then one more, at one point we had a 45-minute vote,
that you literally can shorten the business and get people home
if we will be strict and firm. I say that with all of my
colleagues I hope paying attention, because we're in fact going
to work very hard to have 17 minutes and it's over. So leave at
the first bell, not the second bell.
This may seem particularly appropriate to say on the first day
because this will be the busiest day on opening day in
congressional history. I want to read just a part of the
"Contract With America," not as a partisan act, but to remind all
of us of what we're about to go through and why, because those of
us who ended up in a majority stood on these steps and signed a
contract, and here's part of what it says, quote:
"On the first day of the 104th Congress, the new Republican
majority will immediately pass the following major reforms aimed
at restoring the faith and trust of the American people in their
"First, require all laws that apply to the rest of the country
also apply equally to the Congress.
"Second, select a major independent auditing firm to conduct a
comprehensive audit of Congress for waste, fraud or abuse.
"Third, cut the number of House committees and cut committee
staffs by a third.
"Fourth, limit the terms of all committee chairs.
"Fifth, ban the casting of proxy votes in committees.
"Sixth, require committee meetings to be open to the public.
"Seven, require a three-fifths majority vote to pass a tax
"Eighth, guarantee an honest accounting of our federal budget
by implementing zero baseline budgeting."
Now, I told Dick last night that, if I had to do it over
again, we would have pledged within three days we'll do these
things, but that's not what we said. So we've got ourselves in a
little bit of a box. But then we go a step further, and I carry
the TV Guide version of the contract with me at all times. We
then said, thereafter, "within the first 100 days of the 104th
Congress, we shall bring to the House floor the following bills,
each to be given full and open debate, each to be given a clear
and fair vote, each to be immediately available for inspection."
We made it available that day. And we listed 10 items: a
balanced-budget amendment and line-item veto; to stop violent
criminals, emphasizing among other things an effective,
enforceable death penalty; third was welfare reform; fourth was
protecting our kids; fifth was tax cuts for families; sixth was a
stronger national defense; seventh was raising the senior
citizens' earning limit; eighth was rolling back government
regulations; ninth was common sense legal reform; and tenth was
congressional term limits. Now, our commitment on our side,
and I think we have this absolute obligation, is first of all to
work today until we're done. And that, I know, is going to
inconvenience people who have families and supporters, but we
were hired to do a job, and we have to start today to prove we'll
Second, I would say to our friends in the Democratic Party
that we're going to work with you, and we're really laying out a
schedule working with the minority leader to make sure that we
can set date certain to go home. That does mean two or three
weeks out. If we are running short, we'll frankly have longer
sessions on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. We'll try to work
this out in a bipartisan basis to a workmanlike way to get it
done. It's going to mean the busiest early months since 1933.
Beyond the contract, I think there are two giant challenges,
and I really -- I know I'm a very partisan figure, but I really
hope today that I can speak for a minute to my friends in the
Democratic Party as well as my own colleagues, speak to the
country, about these two challenges, and I hope we can have a
real dialogue. One is to achieve a balanced budget by 2002.
I think both Democratic and Republican governors will tell you
it's doable, but it's hard. I don't think it's doable in a year
or two. I don't think we ought to lie to the American people.
This is a huge, complicated job.
Second, I think we have to find a way to truly replace the
current welfare state with an opportunity society. Let me talk
very briefly about both.
First, on the balanced budget, I think we can get it done. I
think the baby boomers are now old enough that we can have an
honest dialogue about priorities, about resources, about what
works, about what doesn't. Let me say I have already told Vice
President Gore we are going to invite him -- we would have
invited him in December, but he had to go to Moscow -- we are
going to invite him up to address the Republican Conference on
reinventing government. I believe there are grounds for us to
talk together and work together, to have hearings together, to
have task forces together, and I think if we set priorities, if
we apply the principles of Edwards Deming and of Peter Drucker if
we build on the vice president's reinventing government effort,
if we focus on
transforming -- not just cutting, not just do you want more or do
you want less, but are there ways to do it better, can we learn
from the private sector, can we learn from Ford and from IBM,
from Microsoft, from what General Motors has had to go through.
I think on a bipartisan basis, we owe it to our children and
grandchildren to get this government in order and to be able to
actually pay our way. I think 2002 is a reasonable time frame,
and I would hope that together we could open a dialogue with the
And I've said I think Social Security ought to be off limits,
at least for the first four to six years of this process because
I think it will just destroy us if we try to bring it into the
game. But let me say about everything else, whether it's --
whether it's Medicare, or it's agricultural subsidies, or it's
defense, or anything, that I think the greatest Democratic
president of the 20th century, and in my judgment the greatest
president of the 20th century, said it right on March 4th, 1933,
when he stood in the braces, as a man who had polio at a time
when nobody who had that kind of disability could be anything in
public life, and he was president of the United States, and he
stood in front of this Capitol on a rainy March day, and he said,
"We have nothing to fear but fear itself."
I believe if every one of us will reach out in that spirit and
will pledge -- and I think frankly on a bipartisan basis -- I
would say to the members of the black and Hispanic caucus, I hope
we could arrange by late spring to genuinely share districts
where you'll have a Republican who frankly may not know a thing
about your district agree to come for a long weekend with you,
and you'll agree to go for a long weekend with them, and we begin
a dialogue and an openness that is totally different than people
are used to seeing in politics in America, and I believe if we do
that we can then create a dialogue that can lead to a balanced
But I think we have a greater challenge. And I do want to
pick up directly on what Dick Gephardt said because he said it
right and no Republican here should kid themselves about it.
The greatest leaders in fighting for an integrated America in
the 20th century were in the Democratic Party. The fact is it was
the liberal wing of the Democratic Party that ended segregation.
The fact is that it was Franklin Delano Roosevelt who gave hope
to a nation that was in despair and could have slid into
dictatorship. And the fact is every Republican has much to learn
from studying what the Democrats did right.
But I would say to my friends in the Democratic party that
there is much to what Ronald Reagan was trying to get done. There
is much to what is being done today by Republicans like Bill Weld
and John Engler and Tommy Thompson and George Allen and Christie
Whitman and Pete Wilson.
And there's much we can share with each other. We must replace
the welfare state with an opportunity society. The balanced
budget is the right thing to do. But it doesn't, in my mind, have
the moral urgency of coming to grips with what's happening to the
I commend to all of you Marvin Olasky's "The Tragedy of
American Compassion." Olasky goes back for 300 years and looks at
what has worked in America, how we have helped people rise beyond
poverty, how we have reached out to save people. And he may not
have the answers, but he has the right sense as to where we have
to go as Americans.
I don't believe that there is a single American who can see a
news report of a 4-year-old thrown off of a public housing
project in Chicago by other children and killed and not feel that
a part of your heart went. I think of my nephew in the back,
Kevin. I mean, how would any of us feel about our children?
How can any American read about an 11-year-old buried with his
Teddy bear because he killed a 14-year-old and then another 14-
year-old killed him and not have some sense of, "My God, where
have this country gone?" How can we not decide that this is a
moral crisis equal to segregation, equal to slavery, and how can
we not insist that every day we take steps to do something?
I have seldom been more shaken than I was shortly after the
election when I had breakfast with two members of the Black
Caucus, and one of them said to me, "Can you imagine what it's
like to visit a first grade class and realize that every fourth
or fifth young boy in that class may be dead or in jail within 15
years, and they're your constituents, and you're helpless to
And that just, for some reason, I don't know why, but -- maybe
because I visit a lot of schools -- that got through. I mean,
that personalized it. That made it real, not just statistics, but
And then I tried to explain part of my thoughts by talking
about the need for alternatives to the bureaucracy, and we got
into what I think has frankly been a distorted and cheap debate
over orphanages. Let me say first of all, my father, who's here
today, was a foster child who was adopted as a teen-ager. I am
adopted. We have relatives who are adopted. We are not talking
out of some vague, impersonal, Dickens, "Bleak House," middle-
class, intellectual model. We have lived the alternatives.
I believe when we are told that children are so lost in the
city bureaucracies that there are children in Dumpsters, when we
are told that there are children doomed to go to school where 70
or 80 percent of them will not graduate, when we're told of
public housing projects that are so dangerous that if any private
sector ran them they would be put in jail, and we're giving them
"Well, we'll study it. We'll get around to it," my only point is
we can find ways immediately to do things better and to reach out
and to break through the bureaucracy and to give every young
American child a better chance.
And let me suggest to you, let me suggest to you, Morris
Shechtman's new book. And I don't agree with all of it, but it's
fascinating. It's entitled, "Working without a Net." It's really
an effort to argue that in the 21st century, we have to create
our own safety nets.
But he draws a distinction worth every American reading:
between caring and caretaking. He says caretaking's when you
bother me a little bit, so I do enough that I feel better because
I think I took care of you and may not have done any good to you
at all. You may in fact be an alcoholic, and I just gave you the
money to buy the bottle that kills you. But I feel better and I
He said caring is actually stopping and dealing with the human
being and trying to understand enough about them to genuinely
make sure you improve their life, even if you have to start with
a conversation like, "If you'll quit drinking, I'll help you get
a job," which is a lot harder conversation than, "Oh, I feel
better, I gave him a buck, or I gave him five bucks."
And I want to commend every member on both sides to look
carefully. I would say to those Republicans who believe in total
privatization, you can't believe in the Good Samaritan and
explain that as long as business is making money, we can walk by
a fellow American who's hurt and not do something.
And I would say to my friends on the left who believe that
there's never been a government program that wasn't worth
keeping, you can't look at some of the results we now have and
not want to reach out to the humans and forget the bureaucracies.
And if we could build that attitude on both sides of this
aisle, we would be an amazingly different place and the country
would begin to be a different place.
You know, we have to create a partnership. We have to reach
out to the American people. We're going to do a lot of important
things. As of today, we are going to -- thanks to the House
Information System and Congressman Vern Ehlers -- we are going to
be on line for the whole country. Every amendment, every
conference report. We're working with C-Span and others, and
Congressman Gephardt has agreed to help on a bipartisan basis to
make the building more open to television, more accessible to the
We have talk radio hosts here today for the first time, and I
hope to have a bipartisan effort to make the place accessible for
all talk radio hosts of all backgrounds, no matter what their
The House historian's office is going to be much more
aggressively run on a bipartisan basis to reach out ... to
others, to teach what the legislative struggle's about.
I think over time we can -- and will this spring -- rethink
campaign reform and lobbying reform and review all ethics,
including the gift rule, and rethink what our role should be. But
that ain't enough.
Our challenge shouldn't be to balance the budget, to pass the
contract. Our challenge shouldn't be anything that's just
legislative. We're supposed to, each one of us, be leaders. I
think our challenge has to be to set as our goal -- and we're not
going to get here in two years, but this ought to be the goal --
that we go home and we tell people we believe in, that there will
be a Monday morning when for the entire weekend not a single
child was killed anywhere in America, that there will be a Monday
morning when every child in the country went to a school that
they and their parents thought prepared them as citizens and
prepared them to compete in the world market, that there will be
a Monday morning when it was easy to find a job or create a job,
and your own government didn't punish you if you tried.
We shouldn't be happy just with the language of politicians
and the language of legislation. We should insist that our
success for America is felt in the neighborhoods, in the
communities, is felt by real people living real lives who can
say, "Yeah, we're safer, we're healthier, we're better educated,
This morning's closing hymn at the prayer service was "The
Battle Hymn of the Republic." It's hard to be in this building
and look down past Grant to the Lincoln Memorial and not realize
how painful and how difficult that battle hymn is. A key phrase
is, "As he died to make men holy, let us live to make men free."
It's not just political freedom, although I agree with
everything Congressman Gephardt said earlier. If you can't afford
to leave the public housing project, you're not free. If you
don't know how to find a job and you don't know how to create a
job, you're not free. If you can't find a place that'll educate
you, you're not free. If you're afraid to walk to the store
because you could get killed, you're not free.
And so, as all of us over the coming months sing that song,
"As he died to make men holy, let us live to make men free," I
want us to dedicate ourselves to reach out in a genuinely
nonpartisan way, to be honest with each other.
I promise each of you that, without regard to party, my door
is going to be open. I will listen to each of you, I will try to
work with each of you, I will put in long hours and I'll
guarantee that I'll listen to you first and I'll let you get it
all out before I give you my version, because you've been patient
with me today and you've given me a chance to set the stage.
But I want to close by reminding all of us of how much bigger
this is than us. Beyond talking with the American people, beyond
working together, I think we can only be successful if we start
with our limits.
I was very struck this morning with something Bill Emerson
used. It's a fairly famous quote of Benjamin Franklin at the
point where the constitutional convention was deadlocked and
people were tired and there was a real possibility that the
convention was going to break up. And Franklin, who was quite old
and had been relatively quiet for the entire convention, suddenly
stood up and was angry. And he said, "I have lived, sir, a long
time, and the longer I live the more convincing proofs I see of
this truth, that God governs in the affairs of men. And if a
sparrow cannot fall to the ground without his notice, is it
probable that an empire can rise without his aid?"
And at that point, the constitutional convention stopped. They
took a day off for fasting and prayer and then, having stopped
and come together, they went back and they solved the great
question of large and small states and they wrote the
Constitution, and the United States was created.
If each of us -- and all I can do is pledge to you from me --
if each of us will reach out prayerfully and try to genuinely
understand the other, if we'll recognize that in this building we
symbolize America ..., that we have an obligation to talk with
each other, then I think a year from now we can look on the 104th
as a truly amazing institution and without regard to party, ...
to ideology, we can say, `Here America comes to work and here we
are preparing for those children a better future."
Thank you. Good luck and God bless you.
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