THE NEW WORLD ORDER' A Critique and Chronology By Dennis L. Cuddy, Ph.D. To stem Saddam Hu
THE NEW WORLD ORDER'
A Critique and Chronology By Dennis L. Cuddy, Ph.D.
To stem Saddam Husseins aggression in the Persian Gulf, the United States
in late 1990 put together an unprecedented alliance of more than 20 nations
under the aegis of the United Nations. Supporters hailed it as a possible
precursor to a "New World Order". In urging Congress to commit American
forces to battle in Desert Storm, President Bush described the Gulf crisis
as a "rare opportunity to move toward an historic period of cooperation. Out
of these troubled times...a new world order can emerge".
The term New World Order seemed to imply that the collective will of the
nations of the world, exercised through the U.N., would be imposed to uphold
international law - by force if necessary.
Before Americans embrace the concept of a New World Order, however, a number
of questions should be asked and answered. Who would determine just how, when
and where U.N. forces would be deployed? For example, would the New
World Order be invoked to liberate Croatia from Serbian-dominated Yugoslavia ?
What if the New World Order decreed that a Palestinian state be carved
out of Israel, regardless of Israeli objections ? And what if the New World
Order declared that China should be attacked because of its human rights
violations ? Or that a pre-emptive strike against North Korea be ordered to
destroy its emerging nuclear weapons capability?
International cooperation for peace and security is to be welcomed, of
course. NATO - the North Atlantic Treaty Organization - has provided a
successful example of regional cooperation without the loss of identity by any
of its 16 member nations. But would a New World Order mean relinquishing
U.S. sovereignty to a supra-national authority, placing at risk our
universally acclaimed institutions of freedom an democratic principles ?
VARIOUS ideas for a New World Order have been advanced many times before
in this century and for a variety of reasons, as highlighted in the
1910 - The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace is formed.
- Its original stated purpose was "to hasten the abolition of international
war." The endowment now works closely with the U.N. and its agencies, as well
as other groups espousing world government.
1912 - Edward Mandel House publishes Philip Dru: Administrator.
- This work, in the author's words, promotes "Socialism as dreamed of by
Karl Marx" and describes a "conspiracy" in which events are manipulated
behind the scenes to overthrow existing governments and establish
socialist regimes in their place. House conceded that the novel's hero "was
all that he himself would like to be." As President Woodrow Wilson"s most
trusted advisor, "Colonel" House later served on the U.S. delegation to
the Versailles Peace Conference after World War 1, and was instrumental in
planning the League of Nations.
1913 - Woodrow Wilson in his book The New Freedom.
"Since I entered politics, I have chiefly had men"s views confided to me
privately. Some of the biggest men in the U.S., in the field of commerce
and manufacturing, are afraid of somebody, are afraid of something. They
know that there is a power somewhere so organized, so subtle, so watchful,
so interlocked, so complete, so pervasive, that they had better not speak
above their breath when they speak in condemnation of it. "
1917 - United States enters the First World War.
- American voters reelect President Woodrow Wilson, in part because he had
kept America out of the war. Once in the war, Wilson took a leading
role in planning for a post-war world. The establishment of the League of
Nations would be an integral part of his plan.
1918 - Russia "Points The Way."
- In the January 13th issue of the New York World, William Boyce Thompson
(Federal Reserve bank director and founding member of the Council on Foreign
Relations) stated: "Russia is pointing the way to great and sweeping world
changes It is not in Russia alone that the old order is passing. There is a
lot of the old order in America, and that is going too.... I'm glad it is so.
When I sat and watched those democratic conclaves in Russia, I felt that I
would welcome a similar scene in the United States."
1919 - A Social History of the American Family, Vol. 3, by Arthur Calhoun,
appears as part of a series of social service textbooks.
- Volume 3 included the following: "The new view is that the higher and
more obligatory relation is to society rather than to the family; the family
goes back to the age of savagery while the state belongs to the age of
civilization. The modern individual is a world citizen, served by the
world, and home interests can no longer be supreme...."
- May 30: Prominent British and American personalities agree to establish
the Royal Institute of International Affairs in England and the
Institute of International Affairs in the U.S. The accord takes place at a
meeting arranged by Col. House and attended by various Fabians, including
the noted economist, John Maynard Keynes. Two years later, Col. House
reorganized the Institute of International Affairs as the Council on Foreign
1920 - March 19: Congress for the second time votes against U.S. membership in
the League of Nations.
1922 - December 15: CFR endorses World Govemment.
- Philip Kerr, writing for CFR's magazine Foreign Affairs, states: "Obviously
there is going to be no peace or prosperity for mankind as long as (the earth)
remains divided into 50 or 60 independent states...until some kind of
international system is created which will put an end to the diplomatic
struggles incident to the attempt of every nation to make it self secure....
The real problem today is that of the world government."
1923 - Col. House comments on war and internationalism.
Writing for Foreign Affairs, House states: "if war had not come in 1914 in
fierce and exaggerated form, the idea of an association of nations would
probably have remained dormant, for great reforms seldom materialize except
during great human upheavals.... If law and order are good within states,
there can be no reason why they should not be good between states."
1928 - The Open Conspiracy: Blue Prints for a World Revolution by H. G. Wells
- A Fabian Socialist, Wells writes: "The political world of the Open
Conspiracy must weaken, efface, incorporate and supersede existing
governments....The Open Conspiracy is the natural inheritor of socialist
and communist enthusiasms; it may be in control of Moscow before it is in
control of New York.... The character of the Open Conspiracy will now be
plainly displayed.... It will be a world religion. This large loose
assimilatory mass of groups and societies will be definitely and obviously
attempting to swallow up the entire population of the world and become the new
1931 - Communists predict peace movement will entrap the West.
- Addressing the Komintern in Moscow, party theoretician Dimitry Manuilski
states: " One day we shall start to spread the most theatrical peace movement
the world has ever seen. The capitalist countries, stupid and decadent... will
fall into the trap offered by the possibility of making new friends....Our day
will come in 30-40 years or so.... The bourgeoisie must be lulled into a
feeling of security. "
1932 - New books urge World Order.
- Toward Soviet America by William Z. Foster. Head of the Communist Party
USA, Foster indicates that a Nabonal Department of Education would be one of
the means used to develop a new socialist society in the U. S.
- The New World Order by F. S. Marvin: Marvin describes the League of Nations
as the first attempt at a New World Order and says "nationality must rank
below the claims of mankind as a whole. "
- Braue New World by Aldous Huxley, the renowned English novelist and
essayist. In the famous work, Huxley satirized the mechanical world of the
future, in which technology replaces much of the everyday activities of
1933 - The first Humanist Manifesto is published.
- Co-author John Dewey, the noted philosopher and educator, calls for a
synthesizing of all religions and "a socialized and cooperative economic
- The Shape of Things to Come by H.G. Wells: Wells predicts a Second World
War will begin in or about 1940, originating from a German-Polish dispute.
After 1945 there would be an increasing lack of public safety in "criminally
infected" areas. The plan for the "Modern World-State" would succeed on its
third attempt (about 1980), and come out of something that occurred in Basra,
Iraq. At this point, the book states, "Russia is ready to assimilate.
Is eager to assimilate." Although the world government "had been plainly
coming for some years, although it had been endlessly feared and murmured
against, it found no opposition prepared anywhere."
1934 - More works on the New World Order.
- In The Externalization of the Hierarchy by Alice Bailey, the occultist
(who used the phrase "points of light" in connection with a "New Group of
World Servers,") claims that 1934 marks the beginning of "the organizing of
the men and women... group work of a new order... (with) progress
defined by service... the work of the Brotherhood ... the Forces of
Light... (and) out of the spoliation of all existing culture and
civilization, the new world order must be built." The work is published by the
Lucis Trust, formerly Lucifer Publishing Company.
- Experiment in Autobiography by H.G. Wells. The author states that "The
organization of this that I call the Open Conspiracy... which will ultimately
supply teaching, coercive and directive public services to the whole world, is
the immediate task before all rational people... a planned world-state
is appearing at a thousand points.... When accident finally precipitates
it, its coming is likely to happen very quickly....Sometimes I feel that
generations of propaganda and education may have to precede it.... Plans for
political synthesis seem to grow bolder and more extensive.... There must be a
common faith and law for mankind....The main battle is an educational battle."
- In a published statement by Willard Givens, later to become Executive
Secretary of the National Education Association, he says "A dying laissez-
faire must be completely destroyed and all of us, including the "owners,"must
be subjected to a large degree of social control.... An equitable distribution
of income will be sought.... And the major function of the school is the
social orientation of the individual. It must seek to give him understanding
of the transition to a new social order."
1939 - New World Order proclaimed in numerous publications.
- Hitler Speaks by Hermann Rauschning: The author states that Hitler
personally confided to him that "with the notion of race, National Socialism
(Nazism) will use its own revolution for the establishing of a new world
peace News: In the May 19 issue, this London publication prints "Plans for
an Unarmed World Federation, Democratic, Non-Military and AII-Inclusive" by
the American Campaign for World Government.
Address by John Foster Dulles, later to become U.S. Secretary of State.
On October 28,
Dulles proposed that America lead the transition to a new order of less
independent, semi-sovereign states bound together by a league or
Address by Pope Pius XII: On December 24, the Pope delivers an address
outlining five points considered essential for setting up a new world
World Order (Civitas Dei) by Lionel Curtis: The 985-page work has been
called the foundation of all thought on the design of a new order. The work
examines human society and concludes that a working system must mean the
organization of all human society into one commonwealth.
1940 - More works popularize the concept of New World Order.
The New World Order by H.G. Wells: Wells proposes a "collectivist one-world
state" or "new world order" comprised of "socialist democracies."
He advocates "universal conscription for service" and declares that
"nationalist individualism...is the world's disease. " He continues: "The
manifest necessity for some collective world control to eliminate
warfare and the less generally admitted necessity for a collective control of
the economic and biological life of mankind, are aspects of one and the same
process." He proposes that this be accomplished through "universal law"
and propaganda (or education). "
The New World Order, published by the Carnegie Endowment for
International Peace: This work contains a select list of references on
regional and world federation, together with some special plans for world
order after the war.
The New World Order: A Japanese View:This article by Iwao Ayusawa, is
published in the July edition of Contemporary Japan.
The Congressional Record: On December 12, in an article entitled "A New
World Order," John G. Alexander calls for a world federation.
1941 Still more works on the New World Order.
-The City of Man: A Declaration on World Democracy:
Co-authored by social philosopher Lewis Mumford, theologian Reinhold
Niebuhr and others, the work declares: "Universal peace can be founded only
on the unity of man under one law and one government.... All states, deflated
and disciplined, must align themselves under the law of the world-state...
the new order... when the heresy of nationalism is conquered and the absurd
architecture of the present world is finally dismantled.... And there
must be a common creed... or ethico-religious purpose".
- "The New World Order": An article, by M. J. Bonn, in the July edition
of The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science states
that "national planning means deliberate international anarchy.... I doubt if
the world order of tomorrow will be capitalist or socialist. It probably
will be both and neither.... The genius of History does not march through the
ages with the solemn goose-step.... But all the time he keeps moving, and with
every move a step toward a new world order is taken."
- The Journal for Negro Education issue for July contains Ralph Bunche's
reference to "Hitler's projected new world order" The issue also
contains Marxist W.E.B. Dubois "Neuropa", Hitler's New World Order" and
Doxey Wilkerson's "Russia's Proposed New World Order of Socialism".
- December 5: Fabian Socialist Sir Julian Huxley said that he hoped America
and Japan would be at war "next week" The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
occurred two days later.
1945 - October 24: U. N. Charter becomes effective.
- Also on October 24, Senator Glen Taylor (D-Idaho), introduces Senate
Resolution 183 calling upon the U S. Senate to go on record as favoring
the creation of a world republic including an international police force.
1946 - Alger Hiss elected President of the Carnegie Endowment for
- Hiss holds this office until 1949. Early in 1950, he is convicted of
perjury and sentenced to prison after a sensational trial and Congressional
hearing in which Whittaker Chambers, a former senior editor of Time,
testifies that Hiss was a member of his Communist Party cell.
1947 - New Groups call for World Federal Government.
- American Education Fellowship: Formerly the Progressive Education
Association, organized by John Dewey, this body addresses the teachers of
the nation, calling for "the establishment of a genuine world order, an order
in which national sovereignty is subordinate to the world authority...
an order in which "world citizenship" thus assumes at last equal status with
national citizenship.... The task is to experiment with techniques of learning
which look toward intelligent social consensus.... The school should become
a center of experimentation in attaining communities of uncoerced
- United World Federalists: This organization coordinates efforts of like-
minded organizations in promoting world federal government. Among its
founding organizations is World Federalists of North Carolina, with board
member Terry Sanford, now a U. S. Senator.
1948 - Britain's Sir Harold Butler, in the July issue of Foreign Affairs, sees
"A New World Order" taking shape. Butler states: "How far can the life of
nations, which for centuries have thought of themselves as distinct and
unique, be merged with the life of other nations? How far are they
prepared to sacrifice a part of their sovereignty without which there can be
no effective economic or political union?...Out of the prevailing
confusion a new world is taking shape... which may point the way toward the
new order.... The breath of a new spirit is beginning to reanimate it.... It
will abjure war except in the defense of freedom itself. That will be the
beginning of a real United Nations, no longer crippled by a split personality,
but held together by a common faith.
- UNESCO president and Fabian Socialist, Sir Julian Huxley, calls for a
radical eugenic policy in UNESCO, its Purpose and its Philosophy. He states:
"Thus even though it is quite true that any radical eugenic policy of
controlled human breeding will be for many years politically and
psychologically impossible, it will be important for UNESCO to see that the
eugenic problem is examined with the greatest care, and that the public mind
is informed of the issues at stake that much that is now
unthinkable may at least become thinkable.
- Preliminary Draft of a World Constitution is published by U.S.
educators Robert Hutchins, Mortimer Adler, Rexford Tugwell and others,
advocating regional federation on the way toward world federation or
government, with England incorporated into a European federation. The
Constitution provides for a "World Council" along with a "Chamber of
Guardians" to enforce world law. Also included is a "Preamble" calling upon
nations to surrender their arms to the world government, and
including the right of this "Federal Republic of the World" to seize
private property for federal use.
1949 - George Orwell publishes 1984.
In his classic work, Orwell describes a "Newspeak" language and
"doublethink" They were exemplified in the slogans of "the Party" which were
"War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength" Orwell explains
that "Newspeak had been devised to meet the ideological needs of INGSOC, or
English Socialism" and "Big Brother" represents neither the failed German
Nazis nor the Russian Communists who also will fail, but rather "the Party"
which will control men's minds. The leading character OBrien says, "The
Party seeks power entirely for its own sake.... If you want a picture of the
future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face - forever".
July 26: Eighteen members of the U. S. Senate sponsor Senate Concurrent
Resolution 56, calling for the United Nations to be restructured as a world
1950 - Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee considers World Government.
February 9: A Foreign Relations Subcommittee introduces Senate Concurrent
Resolution 66 which begins: "Whereas, in order to achieve universal
peace and justice, the present Charter of the United Nations should be
changed to provide a true world government constitution".The document was
prepared by Hutchins, Adler, Tugwell and others, and the resolution was
first introduced in the Senate on September 13, 1949 by Senator Glen Taylor
(D-Idaho). Senator Alexander Wiley (R-Wisconsin) called it "a consummation
devoutly to be wished for" and said, "I understand your proposition is either
change the United Nations, or change or create, by a separate convention, a
world order" Senator Taylor later stated, "We would have to sacrifice
considerable sovereignty to the world organization to enable them to levy
taxes in their own right to support themselves".
February 17: CFR member James P. Warburg, co-founder of the United World
Federalists and son of Federal Reserve banker Paul Warburg tells the
Subcommittee that "...studies led me, ten years ago, to the conclusion that
the great question of our time is not whether or not one world can be
achieved, but whether or not one world can be achieved by peaceful means. We
shall have world government, whether or not we like it. The question is only
whether world government will be achieved by consent or by conquest".
April 7: "The Report of the Secretaries of State and Defense on "United
States Objectives and Programs for National Security", (NSC-68) was issued.
It included this language: "...We must with our allies...seek to create a
world society based on the principle of consent.... In "containment" it is
desirable to exert pressure in a fashion which wilI avoid so far as possible
directly challenging Soviet prestige, to keep open the possibility for
the U.S.S.R. to retreat before pressure with a minimum loss of face... "
April 12, President Harry Truman wrote a letter to the National Security
Council requesting "further information on the implication of the
Conclusions", and later said "It is my desire that no publicity be given to
this report or its contents without my approval".
1952 - April 12: John Foster Dulles (later to become Secretary of State) said
that "treaty laws can override the Constitution". A Senate amendment,
proposed by GOP Senator John Bricker, would have provided that no
treaty could supersede the Constitution, but it failed to pass by one vote.
1954 - The Bilderbergers are established by Prince Dernhard of The
Netherlands, husband of Queen Juliana of The Netherlands. She is among the
first endorsers of "Planetary Citizens" in the 1970's. Numerous leading
Americans have been "Bilderbergers" including Dean Acheson, Christian Herter,
Dean Rusk, Robert McNamara, George Ball, Henry Kissinger and Gerald Ford.
1959 - CFR calls for New Intemational Order. "Study Number 7" issued on
November 25, advocated "a new international order (which) must be responsive
to world aspirations for peace, for social and economic change...an
international order... including states labeling themselves as
The West in Crisis is published: Author James Warburg proclaims that "a
world order without world law is an anachronism...a world which fails to
establish the rule of law over the nation-states cannot long continue to
exist. We are living in a perilous period of transition from the era of the
fully sovereign nation-state to the era of world govemment...(and) a
deliberate search for methods and means by which American children may best
be educated into...responsible citizens not merely of the United States but
of the world".
- The World Peace Foundation launches a series of seven booklets titled,
Studies in Citizen Participation in Internatianal Relations, which analyzed
and described how to change the attitudes of nearly every group in the nation.
According to columnist Edith Roosevelt, "... A reading of the foundation's
quarterly, International Organization, shows that a primary objective is the
meshing of U.S. and Soviet policy in international organizations with the
State Department's Bureau for International Organization Affairs coordinating
1960 - "The Technical Problems of Arms Control" is published.
- The study is sponsored by the Institute for Intermational Order and
authored by, among others, Jerome Wiesner (CFR member who would become
President Kennedy's top aide on science), Brock Chisholm (former head of the
World Health Organization) and Arthur Larsen (director of the World Rule of
Law Center and law professor at Duke University). Wiesner recommended that to
insure compliance with official disarmament arrangements, an
"international intelligence network" be developed which could "recruit and
train competent secret agents" to find any resistance. In addition, those
conducting the study recommended that an arms control inspection system be
developed into "a system of enforced world law".
- September 9: President Eisenhower signs Senate Joint Resolution 170
promoting the concept of a federal Atlantic Union. Pollster and Atlantic
Union Committee treasurer, Elmo Roper, later delivers an address titled, "The
Goal Is Government of All the World", in which he states: "For it becomes
clear that the first step toward World Government cannot be completed until we
have advanced on the four fronts: the economic, the military, the political
and the social. By chance, the economic came first, and this was a very
positive step. The military has now come next, and that is a necessary
defensive step. The political must come next, and the social will follow the
1961 - State Department issues plan to disarm all nations and arm the U. N.
State Department Document Number 7277 is entitled "Freedom From War: The
U.S. Program for General and Complete Disarmament in a Peaceful World."
It details a three-stage plan to disarm all narions and arm the U. N., with
the final stage in which "no state would have the military power to challenge
the progressively strengthened U. N. Peace Force".
1962 - New Calls for World Federalism.
- In a study titled, "A World Effectively Controlled by the United Nations."
CFR member Lincoln Bloomfield states: "...if the communist dynamic was
greatly abated, the West might lose whatever incentive it has for world
- The Future of Federalism: Author Nelson Rockefeller, one-time
Governor of New York, claims that current events compellingly demand
"a new world order" as the old order is crumbling, and there is "a new and
free order struggling to be born". Rockefeller continues, There is a "fever
of nationalism... (but) the nation-state is becoming less and less competent
to perform its international political tasks.... These are some of the reasons
pressing us to lead vigorously toward the true building of a new world
order... (with) voluntary service... and our dedicated faith in the
brotherhood of all mankind.... Sooner perhaps than we may realize... there
will evolve the bases for a federal structure of the free world."
1967 - Richard Nixon calls for New World Order.
- In "Asia after Vietnam" in the October issue of Foreign Affairs Nixon
writes of nations "disposition" to evolve regional approaches to development
needs and to the evolution of a new world order!"
- In To Seek A Newer World, by Robert Kennedy, former U.S. Attorney General,
he proclaims that "all of us will ultimatly be judged.. on the effort we have
contributed to building a new world society."
1968 - Richard Gardner, former U. S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State,
calls for an end to national sovereignty.
- In a speech entitled "The United Nations and Alternative Formulations.
The Hard Road to World Order", Gardner states: "In short, we are likely to
do better by building our "house of world order" from the bottom up rather
than from the top down. It will look like a great, booming, buzzing
confusion to use William James famous description of reality, but an end run
around national sovereignty, eroding it piece by piece, is likely to get us to
world order faster than the old-fashioned frontal attack". (Gardner makes the
same statement in a later article, "The Hard Road to World Order" appearing in
the April 1974 issue of Foreign Affairs.
- U. S. Disarmament Agency issues a document titled, "Arms Control and
National Security" which stated: "Since 1959, the agreed ultimate goal of the
negotiations has been general and complete disarmament, i.e., the total
elimination of all armed forces and armaments except those needed to
maintain internal order within states and to furnish the United Nations with
peace forces.... While reductions were taking place, a U. N. peace force
would be established and developed, and, by the time the plan was completed,
it would be so strong that no nation could challenge it" (The U.S.Disarmament
Agency was established in September 1961; but the CFR "Study No. 7"
mentioned earlier was published in 1959.)
- July 26: Nelson Rockefeller pledges support of New World Order. In an
Associated Press report, Rockefeller pledges that "as President, he would
work toward international creation of a new world order".
1969 - Dccember 2: Congressman George Bush introduces Atlantic Union
- In part, the resolution states that: "Whereas a joining together for
such purposes of the democratic nations of the Atlantic community to
create an Atlantic Union within the framework of the United Nations would
reduce the cost of a common defense, provide a stable currency... a
declaration that the goal of their people is to transform their present
alliance into a federal union".
1970 - Education and Mass Media to promote World Order.
- In "Thinking About A New World Order for the Decade 1990" author lan
Baldwin, Jr. asserts that "the World Law Fund has begun a worldwide
research and educational program that will introduce a new, emerging
discipline - world order - into educational curricula throughout the world...
and to concentrate some of its energies on bringing basic world order
concepts into the mass media, again on a worldwide level". This article
appears in the January edition of War/Peace Report published by the Center for
1972 - Fresident Nixon visits China.
- In his toast to Chinese Premier Chou En-lai, former CFR member and now
President, Richard Nixon, expresses "the hope that each of us has to build a
new world order:'
- Nixon official calls for end to Individual Sovereignty. In speaking
of the coming of world government, on May 18, Roy M. Ash, director of
the Office of Management and Budget, declares that "within two decades the
institutional framework for a world economic community will be in
place...(and) aspects of individual sovereignty will be given over to a
1973 - Trilateral Commission established.
Banker David Rockefeller organizes this new private body. Rockefeller
chooses Zbigniew Brzezinski, later to become National Security Advisor,
as the Commission's first director and invites Jimmy Carter to become a
- Humanist Manifesto II is published: "The next century can be and should
be the humanistic century... we stand at the dawn of a new age... a secular
society on a planetary scale.... As non-theists, we begin with humans not
God, nature not deity... we deplore the division of humankind on nationalistic
grounds.... Thus we look to the development of a system of world law and a
world order based upon transnational federal government.... The true
revolution is occurring".
1974 - Religious conference calls for New World Order.
A report by Douglas Roche entitled "We Can Achieve a New World Order", is
presented at the World Conference of Religion for Peace, held in Louvain,
Belgium. Writing for the Toronto Star, Dr. Ernest Howse describes the
conference as "possibly... one small step on the pathway to one world",
- U.N. calls for wealth redistribution: In a report entitled "New
International Economic Order", the U.N. General Assembly outlines a plan to
redistribute the wealth from the rich to the poor nations.
1975 - New World Order recognized in diverse publications.
A study titled, "A New World Order" is published by the Center of
International Studies, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International
Studies, Princeton University.
In The New York Times, CFR member and Times editor James Reston writes that
President Ford and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev should "forget the past and
work together for a new world order."
U. S. Congress: 32 Senators and 92 Representatives sign "A Declaration of
Interdependence" written by historian Henry Steele Commager. The Declaration
states that "we must join with others to bring forth a new world
order.... Narrow notions of national sovereignty must not be permitted
to curtail that obligation" Congress-woman Marjorie Holt refuses to sign the
Declaration, saying: "It calls for the surrender of our national
sovereignty to international organizations. It declares that our economy
should be regulated by international authorities. IT proposes that we enter a
'new world order' that would redistribute the wealth created by the American
Rockefeller Foundation: In the Foundation's annual report, President John
Knowles states: "The web of interdependence is tightening. We are one world
and there will be one future - for better or for worse - for us all. Central
to the new ethic of making less more is controlled economic growth which...
provides equitable distribution of income and wealth. It is also necessary to
control fertility rates at the replacement level and to achieve zero
population growth as rapidly as possible."
- Retired Navy Admiral Chester Ward, former Judge Advocate General of the
U.S. Navy and former CFR member, in a critique writes that the goal of the
CFR is the "submergence of U.S. sovereignty and national independence into
an all-powerful one-world government.... Once the ruling members of the
CFR have decided that the U. S. Government should adopt a parricular policy,
the very substantial research facilities of the CFR are put to work to
develop arguments, intellectual and emotional, to support the new policy,
and to confound and discredit, intellectually and politically, any
1977 - President Carter appoints New World Order proponents to key positions.
- Brzezinski becomes National Security Adviser and Richard Gardner becomes
U.S. Ambassador to Italy.
The Third Try at World Order is published. Author Harlan Cleveland
of the Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies calls for "changing Americans
attitudes and institutions", for "complete disarmament (except for
international soldiers)" for "fairer distribution of worldly goods through a
new International Economic Order", and for "international standards for
individual entitlement to food, health and education".
- Imperial Brain Trust by Laurence Shoup and William Minter is published.
The book takes a critical look at the Council on Foreign Relations
with chapter titles, "Shaping a New World Order: The Council's Blueprint for
Global Hegemony, 1939-1944" and "Toward the 1980's: The Council's Plans for a
New World Order".
1979 - Barry Goldwater, retiring Republican Senator from Arizona, publishes
autobiography, With No Apologies.
- Goldwater writes: "In my view The Trilateral Commission represents a
skillful, coordinated effort to seize control and consolidate the four
centers of power - political, monetary, intellectual, and ecclesiastical.
All this is to be done in the interest of creating a more peaceful,
more productive world community. What the Trilateralists truly intend is the
creation of a worldwide economic power superior to the political governments
of the nation-states involved. They believe the abundant materialism they
propose to create will overwhelm existing differences. As managers
and creators of the system they will rule the future".
1980 - U. N. plans New International Economic Order
- A special session of the U. N. General Assembly attempts to lay the
groundwork for a New International Economic Order.
1983 - The Hidden Dangers of the Rainbow is published.
- Author Constance Cumbey's work exposes the New Age Movement which she
describes as "a movement that includes many thousands of organizations
networking throughout every corner of our globe with the intent of bringing
about a New World Order".
1984 - KGB defector Anatoliy Golitsyn wrote in his 1984 book New Lies for Old,
regarding information he had conveyed to the CIA as early as the 1970's.
- He related there were to be Soviet strategies such as "the introduction of
the false liberalization in Eastern Europe and, probably, in the Soviet Union
and the exhibition of spurious independence on the part of the regimes in
Romania, Czechoslovakia, and Poland.... The KGB would be 'reformed'....
Dissolution of the Warsaw Pact would have little effect on the coordination of
the communist bloc.... The pressure on the United States for concessions on
disarmament and accommodation with the Soviets will increase. During this
period there might be an extensive display of the fictional struggle for power
in the Soviet leader-ship".
1985 - World Governmentt called inevitable.
- Norman Cousins, honorary chairman of Planetary Citizens, quoted in
Human Events, the Washington weekly: "World government is coming, in fact,
it is inevitable. No arguments for or against it can change that fact".
Cousins also was president of the World Federalist Association, an affiliate
of the World Association for World Federation (WAWF), headquartered in
Amsterdam. WAWF is a leading force for world federal government and is
accredited by the U. N. as a Non-Governmental Organization.
1986 - International meeting in Seoul, South Korea, promotes New World Order.
- Finance ministers from around the world hear the New World Order
praised. According to William Safire, writing in the New York Times
magazine, Treasury Secretary James Baker lectured countries that "attempt
to go it alone", and the Peruvian Minister of Finance, Alva Castro, responded
with a plea for a New World Order to replace the International Monetary
Fund and assume the debt of Third World countries.
1987 - Perestroika by Mikhail Gorbachev is published in which he reveals.
"The essence of perestroika lies in the fact that it unites socialism with
democracy and revives the Leninist concept of socialist construction
both in theory and in practice.... We want more socialism..."
1988 - New World Order to replace Cold War.
- Former Under Secretary of State and CFR member George Ball in a January 24
interview in the New York Times says, "The Cold War should no longer be the
kind of obsessive concern that it is. Neither side is going to attack
the other deliberately.... If we could internationalize by using the
U.N. in conjunction with the Soviet Union, because we now no longer have to
fear, in most cases, a Soviet veto, then we could begin to transform the shape
of the world and might get the U.N. back to doing something useful....
Sooner or later we are going to have to face restructuring our institutions so
that they are not confined merely to the nation-states. Start first on a
regional and ultimately you could move to a world basis".
December 7: In an address to the U. N., Mikhail Gorbachev calls for
mutual consensus: "World progress is only possible through a search for
universal human consensus as we move forward to a new world order".
1989 - President Bush invites Soviets to join World Order.
Speaking to the graduating class at Texas A&M University on May 12, Mr.
Bush states that the United States is ready to welcome the Soviet Union "back
into the world order".
1990 - The Gulf War and the progress of the New World Order.
Mikhail Gorbachev, in an address at Stanford University says, "... All of us
have felt how much we need the United Nations if we really are to move toward
a new world, and new kinds of relationships in the world in the interest of
all countries.... The Soviet Union and the United States have more than
enough reasons to be partners in building it, in shaping new security
structures in Europe and in the Asian Pacific region. And also in the
making of a truly global economy, indeed, and the creation of a new
- World Federalist Association faults American press:
Writing in the Summer/Fall newsletter, Deputy Director Eric Cox describes
world events over the past year or two and declares: "It's sad but true that
the slow-witted American press has not grasped the significance of most
of these developments. But most federalists know what is happening.... And
they are not frightened by the old bug-a-boo of sovereignty".
- President Bush calls Gulf War opportunity for New World Order:
In a September 11 address to Congress entitled "Toward a New World Order"
Mr. Bush says, "the crisis in the Persian Gulf offers a rare opportunity to
move toward an historic period of cooperation. Out of these troubled
times... a new world order can emerge, in which the nations of the world, east
and west, north and south, can prosper and live in harmony.... Today the new
world is struggling to be born". And in a U.N. address, on October 1, the
President speaks of the "collective strength of the world community
expressed by the U.N.... a historic movement towards a new world order... a
new partnership of nations... a time when humankind came into its own... to
bring about a revolution of the spirit and the mind and begin a journey into
a... new age".
- Soviets link Gulf Crisis to New World Order:
In a September 25 address to the U. N., Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard
Shevardnadze describes Iraq's invasion of Kuwait as "an act of terrorism
(that) has been perpetrated against the emerging New World Order". On December
31, Gorbachev declares that the New World Order would be ushered in by the
- Thatcher Resigns: November 23, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher of
Great Britain is forced to resign in part due to her opposition to Britain's
prospective economic union with Europe. Mrs. Thatcher contends it would
adversely impact upon British sovereignty.
1991 - New World Order praised in State of Union Message.
- "What is at stake" says President Bush, "is more than one small country,
it is a big idea - a new world order... to achieve the universal aspirations
of mankind... based on shared principles and the rule of law.... The
illumination of a thousand points of light.... The winds of change are with
- February 6: President Bush tells the Economic Club of New York: "My vision
of a new world order foresees a United Nations with a revitalized
- A Lone voice of Dissent: Speaking before a Conservative convention in
Washington, D.C., February 7-9, Senator Jesse Helms (R-N.C.), says
he believes and hopes it would be a "long time before a 'new world order' and
that there could never be one based on atheistic materialism".
- Bush Praised: In an article entitled "Toward a Federative Principle"
appearing in the Washington Times, author Max Lerner states: "Mr. Bush has
wisely pointed America's resulting world leadership toward the objective of
a new world order, In doing so, he has gone beyond the rhetoric of 'national
interest' that still narrowly dominated conventional thinking... "
- "Rethinking America's Security: Beyond Cold War to New World Order":
In June the Council on Foreign Relations co-sponsored an assembly attended by
65 prestigious members of government, labor, academia, the media, military,
and the professions from nine countries. The conference explored what was
called "the changing global role of the U. S. in the 1990's": Major topics
included: "An International Liberal Community", the "Growing Role of
International Law "'The Unipolar Movement", "Practical Internationalism"
and "The End of American History: American Security, the National Purpose,
and the New World Order".Helping to fund the undertaking were the Ford
Foundation, The Pew Charitable Trust, Rockefeller Family Fund, Inc., Xerox
Foundation and Citibank. Later, several of the conference participants joined
some 100 other world leaders for another closeddoor meeting of the Bilderberg
Society in Baden-Baden, Germany. The Bilderbergers also exert considerable
clout in determining the foreign policies of their respective governments.
- June 18: Secretary of State James Baker, addressing the Aspen
Institute for Humanistic Studies in Berlin, describes "a Euro-Atlantic
community that extends east from Vancouver to Vladivostok.... To me, the
trans-Atlantic relationship stands for certain Enlightenment ideals of
universal applicability.... Our structures need to promote Euro-Atlantic
political and economic values, the ideals of the Enlightenment".
- Southeastern World Affairs Institute discusses the New World Order:
In a July 26-28 program, topics include: "Legal Structures for a New World
Order" and "The United Nations: From its Conception to a New World Order".
Participants include a former director of the U.N.s General Legal Division,
and a former Secretary General of International Planned Parenthood.
- In late July: On a Cable News Network program, CFR member and former
CLA director Stansfield Turner, when asked about Iraq, responded: "We
have a much bigger objective. We've got to look at the long run here. This is
an example - the situation between the United Nations and Iraq - where the
United Nations is deliberately intruding into the sovereignty of a sovereign
nation.... Now this is a marvelous precedent (to be used in) all countries
of the world..."
- October 24: Op-Ed article in the Wall Street ]ournnl by Deputy Features
Editor Amity Shlaes says U. N. Secretariat headquartered in New York City
remains under domination of old-line communists and Third World ideologues.
Rather than becoming "the cornerstone in President Bush's oft-mentioned 'new
world order,'" reports Ms. Shlaes, "many of those working within the
Secretariat, or at its missions in its vicinity, argue that communism left a
legacy.... "lt works like a scorpion's stinger," says one U. N. professional.
"The scorpion - East Bloc socialism - dies. But the stinger remains
poisonous, and strikes new victims, " According to correspondent
Shlaes, "Westerners who worked at the U. N., ...found themselves surrounded by
what many have called a communist mafia". Chief Soviet holdover is Vasily
Safronchuk, who heads the U.N.s influential Department of Political and
Security Council Affairs. In 1978-9, before coming to the U. N., Safronchuk
helped supervise Soviet occupation of Afghanistan.
- October 26: In a lengthy letter published in the New York Times, Douglas
Mattern of San Francisco president of the Association of World Citizens,
proposes that Mikhail Gorbachev be named new U. N. Secretary General "to help
bring about world unity."
- October 21: David Funderburk, former U. S. Ambassador to Romania, tells a
North Carolina audience: "George Bush has been surrounding himself with
people who believe in one-world government. They believe that the Soviet
system and the American system are converging," The vehicle to bring this
about, said Funderburk, is the United Nations, "the majority of whose 166
member states are socialist, atheist, and anti-American." Funderburk
served as ambassador in Bucharest from 1981 to 1985 when he resigned in
frustration over U. S. support of the oppressive regime of the late
Romanian dictator, Nicolae Ceausescu.
- October 30: President Gorbachev at the Middle East Peace Talks in
Madrid states: "We are beginning to see practical support. And this is a
very significant sign of the movement towards a new era, a new age.... We see
both in our country and elsewhere... ghosts of the old thinking.... When
we rid ourselves of their presence, we will be better able to move toward a
new world order... relying on the relevant mechanisms of the United
Nations:'Elsewhere, in Alexandria, Virginia, Elena Lenskaya, Counsellor to the
Minister of Education of Russia, delivers the keynote address for a
program titled, "Education for a New World Order:" ******
- In a discordant and war-weary world, the dream of a peaceful and ordered
family of nations has understandable appeal. President Bush apparently
envisages a larger and more influential role for the United Nations, with
major powers, including the United States, retaining their sovereignty while
acting jointly under the U. N.'s aegis to enforce world peace. In much of
today's world, however, newly-independent populations are fiercely defending
their age-old nationalist and ethnic origins and geopolitical frontiers
against all outsiders. Examples currently are found in Central and Eastern
Europe, in Yugoslavia, and in the disintegrating Soviet Union itself.
- While the motives of some internationalists may appear well-meaning,
there is cause for serious misgivings over the objectives of "one-worlders."
Among the skeptics is Robert Morris, the geopolitical authority and chairman
of America's Future. "The term, "new world order," has a nice ring to it, says
Morris, "but there are caveats. Experience tells us that instead of
entrusting our foreign policy to a U. N. dominated by enemies of freedom, we
should maintain and strengthen the traditional values and principles that
have made our independent nation the beacon of hope for oppressed peoples
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
DENNIS LAURENCE CUDDY received a Ph.D. from the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill (major in American History, minor in Political
Science), and taught in the public school system and at the university
level. Dr. Cuddy also was a political risk analyst for an international
consulting firm; authored or edited four books on American foreign
relations and immigration; authored numerous articles, and served as a
Senior Associate with the U. S. Department of Education in
A book, Now Is the Dawning of the New Age New World Order, by Dr. Cuddy is
tentatively scheduled for publication in January 1992 by Hearthstone
Publishing Ltd., P. 0. Box 815, Oklahoma City, OK 73101. Phone: 1-800-
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