From: Michael Rogero Brown
To: All Msg #104, Dec-21-92 05:00PM
Subject: Hollow Earth Bibliography (plus Flat Earth too!)
Organization: Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA
From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Michael Rogero Brown)
The following is a short bibliography I put together doing my
'research' into the area of Hollow Earth theories. If anyone knows
of any other books or articles on the subject, I'd love to hear
One note: the term "inverted earth" is one I came up with to describe
the ideas held by Koresheans and others to describe their view of the
earth. These people think the world is inside out, ie WE (and the rest
of the universe) reside within a hollow sphere. I use this term so that
these people can be separeted froum the Hollow Earth theorists. Some
writers lump them all together, but I disagree.
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF FLAT, HOLLOW, INVERTED EARTH THEORIES
Works discussing all:
Gardner, Martin. "Flat and Hollow." In _Fads and Fallacies In the Name
of Science_ New York: Dover Publications, 1957, 16-27. Good starting
point. Unfortunalty, does not discuss current followers.
Moore, Patrick. _Can You Speak Venusian? A Guide to the Independent
Thinkers_ New York: W.W. Norton Co, 1972. A sort of British version
of Fads & Fallacies. has a chapter on Flat Earthers (British), another
on Hollow & inverted earthers (including Germans), and one on an
alternate universe that is in a class by itself.
Sladek, John. _The New Apocrapha_ New York: Stein and Day, 1973.
Another British version of Fads&Fallacies, but much longer and some
what more humorous. Very good book, wish someone would bring it back in
print (Prometheus??) Touches on Flat, Hollow, and Inverted and Nazi
Time-Life Books. "An Interior World." In _Mystic Places_ NY:
Time-Life Books, 1987, 138-154. Good article on hollow & inverted,
also mentioning nazi interst, Ray Palmer, etc.
Webb, James. "Cosmology (Occult)." In _Encyclopedia of the Unexplained_
Richard Cavendish, ed. NY: McGraw-Hill, 1974, 66-69. Overview of all
three plus 'world ice theory' & nazi's interest in inverted earth.
Works discussing Flat Earth theories:
Reader's Digest. _Strange Stories, Amazing Facts_. Pleasantville, NY:
Reader's Digest Association, 1976. Article discussing current Flat
Schadewald, Robert. "Some Like it Flat." In _Fringes of Reason_ Ted
Schultz, ed. New York: Harmony Books, 1989, 86-88. At present,
definitive history of movement.
Schadewald, Robert. _The Plane Truth_ As yet unpublished work on Flatearthers.
Works discussing Hollow Earth theories:
Bernard, Raymond. _The Hollow Earth_ New York: Bell Publ, 1979.
Talks about past advocates Gardner and Reed, adds new ideas like Ring
Nebulae as proof of hollow worlds.
Clute, John, and Peter Nicholls. "Captain Adam Seaborn." In _The
Science Fiction Encycopedia_ Peter Nicholls, ed. New York: Doubleday,
1979, 535. About Seaborn and book Symzonia. Felt Symmes was not
Elwood, Ann. "Inside the Good Earth: What's Going on Under Our Feet?"
In _People's Almanac_ David Wallechinsky & Irving Wallace, ed. New
York: Doubleday & Co, 1975, 691-695. Basic article on subject, good
list of hollow earth science fiction.
Gardner, Martin. "Who Was Ray Palmer?" In his _The New Age: Notes of a
Fringe Watcher_ Prometheus Books, 1992, 209-222. Talks of Ray
Palmer's interest in Hollow earth and reveals true i.d. of "Dr" Raymond
Bernard of _The Hollow Earth_.
Gardner, William B. _A Journey to the Earth's Interior_ 1920. Basic
work after Reed, see Schultz on where to order copy.
Haining, Peter. "Subterranean Worlds." In his _The Ancient Mysteries
Reader_ Garden City, NJ: Doubleday & Co, 1975. Idea of books is to
print fiction based on ancient mysteries. Has a section on Hollow
Earth publishing Poe's "Ms. Found in a Bottle" and part of Lytton's
Coming Race along with an intro/overview.
Reader's Digest. _Strange Stories, Amazing Facts_ Article focused on
Reed, William. _The Phantom of the Poles_ 1906. First basic work
after Symmes. See Schultz on where to order copy.
Ted Schultz. "Jumping Geography." In _Fringes of Reason_ Ted Schultz,
ed. New York: Harmony Books, 1989, 89-91. Short on article of basic
works, plus where to order copies.
Shepard, Leslie A. "Hollow Earth." In _Encyclopedia of Occultism and
Parasychology, Vol I_ Detroit: Gale Research Co, 1978, 431-432.
Short, basic article.
Smith, Warren. _The Hidden Secrets of the Hollow Earth_ New York:
Zebra Books, 1976. Looks at many hollow earth ideas and also related
idea of great caverns in earth's crust. Some times skeptical,
neutral, and accepting of ideas. Journalistic: i.e. no footnotes or
Stanton, William. _The Great United States Exploring Expedition of
1838-1842_ Univ of California Press, 1975. Symmes was influence on
the organizing of expedition. Only second chapter devoted to him and
Symmes, John Cleves. _Symzonia_ NY: Arno Press, 1975. This book
original published as by "Captian Seaborn". Many have debated on
whether Seaborn was Symmes. If Arno has reprinted this as by Symmes,
I wonder what makes them think so. This was an early novel discribing
a trip into a hollow earth.
Walton, Bruce A. _A Guide to the Inner Earth_ Health Research, 1983.
Bibliography on articles about great caverns in earth's crust. HR
also publishes Reed & Garnder. See Schultz.
Works discussing "Inverted Earth" theories:
Andrew, Allen H. _A Yank Pioneer in Florida_ Jacksonville, FL:
Douglas Priting Co, 1950. Autobio by member, and later a leader of Koreshan
Unity. "Osted" in power struggle, but almost nothing on Koreshan
Berrey, Richard S. _The Koreshan Unity: An Economic History of a
Communistic Experiment in Florida_ Master's thesis, University of
Carmer, Carl. "The Great Alchemist at Utica." In his _Dark Trees to the
Wind_ NY: William Sloane Assoc, 1949. Book is on NY state, one
chapter on Koresh as he was from NY. Describes visit by author to
Estero in 1948.
Damkohler, Capt. E.E. _Estero, Fla. 1882_ Ft Myers Beach, FL, Island
Press, 1967. Koreshans settled on author's father's land when he was
a boy. Author has no liking for Koreshans.
Fine, Howard David. _The Koreshan Unity- Utopian Community: "We Live
Inside the World"_ Master's thesis. Notre Dame University, 1972. Have
Gardner, Martin. "Occam's Razor and the Nutshell Earth" _Skeptical
Inquirer 12_ (1979): 355-358. Article on current 'scientific'
adherents to inverted earth.
Herbert, G.M. and I.S.K. Reeves V. _Koreshan Unity Settlement,
1894-1977_ Florida Dept of Natural Resources, 1977. Mainly
architectural work, does give basic history and beliefs of
Hogan, Joanna. "Park Preserves Vestiges of Hollow-Earth Cult." _Miami
Herald_ 2 april 1989. J4. Basic article on Koreshan Park, done for
paper's Travel section.
Koreshan, Cyrus Reed Teed. _The Cellular Cosmogony_ Philadelphia:
Porcupine Press, 1975. Reprints the basic Koreshan book which gives
"evidence" of their claim. New intro by history discusses K. Unity
Mackle, Elliot J., Jr. _The Koreshan Unity in Florida, 1894-1910_
Master's thesis, Univ of Miami, 1971. Have copy.
Melton, J. Gordon. "Koreshan Unity." In his _Encyclopedia of American
Religion, 2nd ed_ Detroit: Gale Research Co, 1987, p 742. Short
description, gives address of person in Vero Beach.
"Teed, Cyrus Read." In his _Biographical Dictionary of American
Cult & Sect Leaders_ New York: Garland Publ, 1986. 287-288. Brief
bio, lists some of his books.
Rainard, Robert Lynn. _In the Name of Humanity: The Koreshan Unity_
Master's thesis, University of South Florida, 1974. Have copy.